To reduce the impact of environmental damage such as global warming and climate change, current development of environmentally friendly homes continues to be intensified. There are several principles that are important characteristics of a dwelling so that it can be categorized as an environmentally friendly home. Curious about what features? Consider these following tips!
Built in the Right Location
Making eco-friendly homes must begin with the selection of the right construction location. Eco-friendly homes are not suitable when built in locations such as riverbanks, water catchment areas, or in locations that are too close to the waste disposal area.
The construction of residential areas in riverbanks and water catchment areas will disrupt the water cycle that can result in flood natural disasters. While the construction of houses near the waste disposal area will result in occupancy that has the potential to experience air pollution and ground water pollution.
In addition, the making of environmentally friendly houses must also pay attention to the applicable land use plan. The house must be in an area that is indeed regulated as a residential area.
Do not let a house be built in an area that the local government regulates as an industrial estate, protected forest area, or in the green open area of the city. Therefore environmentally friendly houses must first be ensured to have a legitimate development permit.
Have a Green Open Area
The important feature of eco-friendly homes is the existence of green open space in the area of the house. In order to meet environmentally friendly home standards, a minimum of 30% of the total land area must be made open space equipped with various plants.
Green open space can not only be made in the area around the house alone, the roof of a house can also be used as a location for making green open spaces such as a rooftop garden commonly found in skyscrapers.
Eco-friendly homes equipped with green open spaces will play a role in improving air quality in the surrounding environment. This is because plants will suck carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.
To further enhance the function of improving air quality while making the house cooler, some environmentally friendly houses also arrange plants vertically on the fence or outside walls of the house to form a vertical garden.
The hallmark of eco-friendly homes that are no less important is saving energy. The step to save energy consumption in environmentally friendly homes is to maximize renewable energy such as sunlight. The eco-friendly home design is made in such a way that sunlight can be an adequate main lighting source for all parts of the house.
Usually to maximize sunlight, on the roof of an eco-friendly house installed solar panels, or also called as venta de paneles solares in Spanish, that functions to absorb energy from the sun to be converted into electrical energy. The use of electric energy-producing glass in the window section of the solar window has also been applied to several environmentally friendly homes.